Associate Professor Sally Brinkman
BA, MPH, PhD
Co-Director, Fraser Mustard Centre Senior Research Fellow, Program Manager, Faculty Member (Adelaide)
Areas of research expertise: Social
Epidemiologist; Societies' impact on child development; Population
measurement of child health and development (including the Early
Development Instrument used internationally and the Australian
Early Development Index); Teenage pregnancy; Pragmatic Randomised
Control Trials; Data Linkage Studies.
Sally is a social epidemiologist with the majority of her research focusing on societies' impact on child development.
Sally is a Senior Research Fellow and Program Manager Faculty Member at the world-renowned Telethon Kids Institute in Perth. Sally is also the Co-Director of the Fraser Mustard Centre, an innovative initiative between the Telethon Kids Institute and the South Australia Department of Education and Child Development aimed to improve research translation.
Sally is well known for spearheading the use of the Early
Development Instrument (EDI) in Australia, being the first to pilot
the instrument outside of Canada. Sally continues to work across
the country to help facilitate the use of the Australian EDI (the
AEDI) working with communities, service providers and
Locally, Sally consults to the Department of Children's Services Policy Directorate primarily around data linkage, the Children's Centres Operational Group around evaluation, and the SA AEDI Team around community advocacy and research translation. Internationally, Sally works with Governments and donor organisations such as the World Bank, UNICEF, AusAID and the Bernard Van Leer Foundation working with various measures of child development for monitoring and evaluation purposes.
Sally has over 60 publications including books, chapters,
monographs and journal articles covering topics such as infant
mouthing behaviours, child physical activity and nutrition levels,
the measurement of alcohol related violence, the evaluation of
teenage pregnancy prevention programs, how child development varies
across communities and the impact of socio economics and service
integration on child development.
As such Sally brings locally, nationally and internationally recognised epidemiological skills particularly in relation to population monitoring of child development and education. She has a commitment to practical, pragmatic and translatable research.
Journals (peer reviewed)
Smithers, L., Searle A, Chittleborogh, C., Scheil W, Brinkman S., Lynch J. (2015). A whole-of-population study of term and post-term gestational age at birth and children's development. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.13324.
Christian H., Zubrick S., Brinkman S., Giles-Corti B., Knuiman M., Wood L., Foster S., Bull F., Houghton S., Boruff B. (2015). The influence of the neighborhood physical environment on early child health and development: A review and call for research. Health & Place. 33: 25-36.
Maika A., Mittinty M., Brinkman S., Lynch J. (2015). Effect on child cognitive function of increasing household expenditure in Indonesia: application of a marginal structural model and simulation of a cash transfer programme. International Journal of Epidemiology. 44: 218-228. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyu264
Goldfeld S., Woolcock G., Katz I., Tanton R., Brinkman S., O'Connor E., Mathews T., Giles-Corti B. (2015) Neighbourhood effects influencing early childhood development: Conceptual model from the Kids in Communities Study. Social Indicators Research. 120 (1): 197-212. DOI 10.1007/s11205-014-0578-x
Duku E, Brinkman S, Janus M. (2014). Investigation of the cross-national equivalence of a measurement of early child development. Child Indicators. 1-19. DOI 10.1007/s12187-014-9249-3.
Janus, M., Duku, E., Brinkman, S.A., Dunkelberg, E., Chiança, T., Marino, E. (2014). Socioemotional Development and its Correlates among 5-year-old Children in Peru and Brazil. Journal of Latino/Latin American Studies (JOLLAS). 6(1), 40-53.
Smithers, L., Gialamas, A., Scheil W., Brinkman S., Lynch J. (2014). Anaemia of pregnancy, perinatal outcomes and children's developmental vulnerability: a whole-of-population study. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. 28, 381-390.
Brinkman S., Gregory T., Goldfeld S, Lynch J., Hardy M. (2014). Data Resource Profile: The Australian Early Development Index (AEDI). International Journal of Epidemiology 43(4):1089-96. DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyu085
Moore E, Harris F, Green M, Laurens K, Brinkman S, Lenroot R, Carr V (2014). Birth outcomes and academic achievement in childhood: A population record linkage study. Journal of Early Childhood Research. 12 (3): 234-250. DOI: 10.1177/1476718X13515425.
Janus, M., Brinkman, S., & Guhn., M. (2014). The Early Years Development Instrument. In: Michalos AC (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, Volume 3, pp 1739-1744. ISBN 978-94-007-0752-8.
Goldfeld S., Woolcock G., Katz I., Tanton R., Brinkman S., O'Connor E., Mathews T., Giles-Corti B. (2014) Neighbourhood effects influencing early childhood development: Conceptual model from the Kids in Communities Study. Social Indicators Research. 1-16. DOI 10.1007/s11205-014-0578-x
Goldfeld S., O'Connor M., Mithen J., Sayers, M., Brinkman S. (2014). "Early developmental outcomes of emerging and English-proficient bilingual children at school entry in an Australian population cohort". International Journal of Behavioral Development. 38: 42-51. doi: 10.1177/0165025413505945
Maika, A., Mittinty, M.N., Brinkman, S., Harper, S., Satriawan, E., Lynch, J.W. (2013). Changes in Socioeconomic Inequality in Indonesian Children's Cognitive Function from 2000 to 2007: A Decomposition Analysis. PLoS One 8(10): e78809. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078809.
Pradhan M, Brinkman S, Beatty A., Satriawan E., Maika A., DeRee J., Hasan A. (2013). Study protocol for the evaluation of a community based early childhood education and development program in Indonesia: A pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial with supplementary matched control group. Trials.2013, 14:259. DOI: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-259.
Brinkman, S.A, Gregory, T., Harris, J., Hart, B., Blackmore, S.,
& Janus, M. (2013) Associations between the early
development instrument at age 5 and reading and numeracy skills at
ages 8, 10 and 12: a prospective linked data study. Child
Indicators Research: 6 (4): 695-708. DOI
Brinkman, S.A., Gialamas, A., Rahman, A., Mittinty, M., Gregory, T., Zubrick, S.R., Carr, V., Silburn, S., Goldfeld, S., Janus, M., Hertzman, C., Lynch, J.W. (2012). Jurisdictional, socio-economic, demographic and gender inequality in child health and development across Australia. BMJ Open. 2012;2:e001075. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001075
Janus M, Brinkman S. Duku E. (2011) Validity and psychometric properties of the Early Development Index in Canada, Australia, United States and Jamaica. Social Indicators Research. 101 (2): 283-297.
Brinkman S. (2010). The Australian Early Development Index (AEDI). SA Public Health Bulletin. 7 (3): 4-6.
Brinkman S., McDermott R., Lynch J., (2010). Better understanding of developmental trajectories: opportunities for data linkage with the Australian Early Development Index (AEDI). SA Public Health Bulletin. 7 (3): 7-11.
Brinkman S, Johnson S, Lawrence D, Hart M, Codde J, Stratton J, Silburn S. (2010) Study protocol for the evaluation of an Infant Simulator based program delivered in schools: A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. Trials: 11 (100): 1-11.
Lynch J., Law C., Brinkman S., Chittleborough C., Sawyer M. (2010). Inequalities in child healthy development: Some challenges for effective implementation Social Science and Medicine. 71 (7) : 1219-1374
Janus M., Hertzman C., Guhn M., Brinkman S., Goldfeld S. (2009). Reply to Li, D'Angiulli and Kendall: The Early Development Index and children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development. 29 (1): 83 - 87
Brinkman S, Sayers M, Goldfeld S, Kline J. (2009) Population monitoring of language and cognitive development in Australia: The Australian Early Development Index. Int J of Speech-Language Pathology. 11 (5): 1-12.
Goldfeld S, Sayers M, Brinkman S, Silburn S, Oberklaid F. (2009). The process and policy challenges of adapting and implementing the Early Development Instrument in Australia. Early Education and Development. 20 (6): 978-991.
Brinkman S, Silburn S, Lawrence D, Goldfeld S, Sayers M, Oberklaid F. (2007) Investigating the validity of the Australian Early Development Index. Early Education and Development. 18 (3); 427-451.
Sayers M, Goldfeld S, Oberklaid F, Brinkman S, Silburn S. (2007) Building better communities for children, community implementation and evaluation of the Australian Early Development Instrument. Early Education and Development. 18 (3); 519-534.
Silburn S, Brinkman S, Sayers M, Goldfeld S, Oberklaid F. (2007) Establishing the construct and predictive validity of the Australian Early Development Index (AEDI). Early Human Development. 83. (Suppl 1) p S125.
Coghlan, R., Brinkman, S., Fournier. C., Hart B., Horgan, B.,
McKenzie, A., Parnell, M., Pierce, N., Wale,J., Chippindall, M.
(2006). A consumer-led project on evidence-based healthcare
information for consumers. Cochrane Collaboration Testing
Stockwell T, Chikritzhs T., Brinkman, S (2001) The role of social and health statistics in measuring harm from alcohol, Journal of Substance Abuse: 12(1-2):139-154.
Gun RT, Brinkman SA. (1998) Prediction and prevention of chemical-related injury: towards an effective risk assessment protocol. Safety Science: 29: 1-14.
Book or monograph publications
Kinnell, A., Harman-Smith, Y., Engelhardt, D., Luddy, S. & Brinkman, S. (2013). Boys and girls in South Australia: A comparison of gender differences from the early years to adulthood. Published by the Fraser Mustard Centre. Department for Education and Child Development and the Telethon Institute for Child Health Research. Adelaide. ISBN 978-0-9876002-2-6
Gregory, T. & Brinkman, S. (2013). Methodological approach to exploring change in the Australia Early Development Instrument (AEDI): The estimation of a critical difference. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Western Australia. ISBN 978-0-9876002-0-http://www.rch.org.au/uploadedFiles/Main/Content/aedi/TechnicalPaper4_CalcuCriticalDifference_1301.pdf
Janus M, Brinkman S. (2010). Evaluating Early Childhood
Education and Care. In the International Encyclopedia of
Education, editors Baker E, McGaw B, Peterson P. 3rd Edition.
Elsevier (ISBN 978-0-08-044893-0)
Goldfeld S, Brinkman S, Sayers M, Oberklaid F, Silburn S, Zubrick, S. (2009) A Snapshot of Early Childhood Development in Australia. Australian Early Development Index (AEDI) National report 2009. AEDI Partnership. Centre for Community Child Health and Telethon Institute for Child Health Research. (ISBN 978-0-9807246-0-8)
Janus M, Brinkman S, Duku E et. al. (2007). The EDI Handbook. Mc Master University Press, Ontario Canada. Download from Offord Centre
Oberklaid, F., Goldfeld. S, Sayers M., Fraser A., Silburn S., Brinkman S. (2005). Australian Early Development Index Building Better Communities for Children, Community Results 2004-2205. ISBN 0957828691. Commonwealth of Australia.
Hart B, Brinkman S, Blackmore S (2003) How Well are we Raising our Children in the North Metropolitan Area? Early Development Index 2003. North Metropolitan Health Service, Perth WA ISBN 0-646-42987-6.
Brinkman S.,Hyson M, Kinnell A.(2013). Chapter 1: Early Childhood Research and Indonesia's Young Children. in Early Childhood Education and Development in Indonesia: Strong Foundations, Later Success. Conference Edition. Eds: Hasan A., Hyson M. Chu Chang M © 2012 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank. Washington DC.
Brinkman S., Hasan A., Hyson M, Kinnell A.(2013). Chapter 2: Providing and Evaluating Services for Low Income Young Children . in Early Childhood Education and Development in Indonesia: Strong Foundations, Later Success. Conference Edition. Eds: Hasan A., Hyson M. Chu Chang M © 2012 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank. Washington DC.
Alatas H., Brinkman S., Chang M.C., Hadiyat, T., Hartono D., Hasan A., Hyson M., Jung H., Kinnell A., Pradhan M., & Roesli R. (2013). Chapter 5: Early Childhood Education and Development Services in Indonesia. Education in Indonesia. Eds: Suryadarma D. & Jones G.W. © 2012 Institute of South East Asian Studies, Singapore.
Brinkman SA, Chikritzhs T, Stockwell T, Mathewson P (2001) "An indicator approach to the measurement of alcohol related violence." in Research and Public Policy Series Monographs no 35, Australian Institute of Criminology. Eds, Williams, P.
Brinkman S, (2001) "The Service Population - a new denominator for alcohol related indicators of harm" National Drug Research Institute, Monograph Series.
Brinkman SA, Gialamas A, Jones L, Edwards P, Maynard EJ. Child Activity Patterns for Environmental Exposure Assessment in the Home. National Environmental Health Forum Monographs. 1999. Glenelg Press.
Gun RT, Brinkman SA, Cox R. Prevention of chemical injury - an unconventional view. In: Freyer AM, Williamson A (eds) Occupational injury: risk, prevention and intervention. Taylor and Francis, London, 1998.
Selected substantial reports
Brinkman S.A. Gregory T. (2011). The status of
Aboriginal and Torres Strait child development across
Australia. Government Report. Department of Education,
Employment and Workplace Relations. Canberra.
Goldfeld, S, Mithen, J, Barber, L, O'Connor, M, Sayers, M, & Brinkman, S. (2011). The AEDI Language Diversity Study Report. Centre for Community Child Health, The Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne.
Goldfeld S, opt'Hoog C, Mathers M, Kline J, Mathews T, Katz I, Kershaw P, Brinkman S, Wiseman J, Woolcock G, Mathews T. 2010. Understanding the Community Level Factors that Influence Children's Developmental Outcomes: A Literature Review Undertaken for the Kids in Communities Study (KICS) Collaboration. Melbourne: ARACY.
Goldfeld S, Mathews T, Tanton R, Katz I, Woolcock G, Brinkman S. 2010. Kids in Communities Study Phase 1 Pilot: Final report for VicHealth (September 2010). To be included in VicHealth Annual Report 2010-2011
Goldfeld S, Mathews T, Tanton R, Katz I, Woolcock G, Brinkman S. 2010. Community Level Factors Influencing Early Childhood Development: Development of a Conceptual Model. Melbourne: CCCH.
Silburn, S., Brinkman, S., Ferguson-Hill, S., Styles, I., Walker, R., & Sheppard, C. (2009). The Australian Early Development Index (AEDI) Indigenous Adaptation Study: Telethon Institute for Child Health Research. http://www.rch.org.au/emplibrary/australianedi/AEDI_Indigenous_Adaptation_Study_Report_Nov_2009.pdf
Oddy W, Hart B, Henly N, Hauk Y, Brinkman S, Ellies P, Jackiewicz T. (2008) Promoting Optimal Infant Nutrition: The Perth Breastfeeding Scoping Project Final Report. "It's huge but you do it because you want the best for the baby and... you just do it." West Australian Health Promotion Foundation.
Janus M, Brinkman S, Duku, E (2008) Pilot Test Results; Child Development Outcome Instruments to be included in the UNICEF's MICS Household Survey. UNICEF, Washington.
Brinkman S, Lawrence D, Silburn S, Sayers, S. (2007). National AEDI Implementation Sampling Options for an Australian Progress Measure. Council of Australian Governments (COAG).
Brinkman S, Lawrence D, Tanton R.(2007). Analysis of the AEDI, SEIFA and Child Social Exclusion Index at an area, teacher and student level. Department of Health, Government of Victoria.
Brinkman S, Silburn S, Lawrence D. (2006) Construct and Concurrent Validity of the Australian Early Development Index. Technical Report. Government of Australia.
Hands, B., Parker, H., Glasson, C., Brinkman, S. & Read, H. (2004). Physical Activity and Nutrition Levels in Western Australian Children and Adolescents: Report. Government of Western Australia.
Hands, B., Parker, H., Glasson, C., Brinkman, S. & Read, H. (2004). Physical Activity Levels in Western Australian Children and Adolescents: Report. Government of Western Australia.
Hands, B., Parker, H., Glasson, C., Brinkman, S. & Read, H. (2004). Nutrition in Western Australian Children and Adolescents: Report. Government of Western Australia.
Hands, B., Parker, H., Glasson, C., Brinkman, S. & Read, H. (2004). Physical Activity Levels in Western Australian Children and Adolescents: Technical Report. Government of Western Australia.
Hands, B., Parker, H., Glasson, C., Brinkman, S. & Read, H. (2004). Nutrition in Western Australian Children and Adolescents: Technical Report. Government of Western Australia.
Gun RT, Brinkman SA, Cox R. Analysis of risk factors for chemical-related work injury, and development of a risk assessment protocol. Report to Worksafe Australia, June, 1998.